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Title: Global trends in intra-household gender inequality
Authors: Malghan, Deepak 
Swaminathan, Hema 
Keywords: Micro-GKC;Atkinson inequality metric;Gender equality;LIS & LWS
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: We present trends in intra-household gender inequality for forty five different countries across a four decade period (1973–2016), using global micro-data from 2.85 million households. Intra-household gender inequality has declined by 20% in the four decades that we study. However, current levels are still significant so that any neglect of intra-household gender inequality results in a substantial underestimation of overall earnings inequality. For a sub-sample of countries, we show that the relationship between intra-household gender inequality and household economic status is non-monotonic – that we refer to as the “micro-GKC” (micro Gender Kuznets Curve) relationship. We also develop an empirical framework to measure the aggregate welfare loss from intra-household gender inequality. For a range of plausible inequality aversion assumptions, we report a median welfare loss of over 15% of aggregate earnings.
ISSN: 0167-2681
DOI: 10.1016/j.jebo.2021.07.022
Appears in Collections:2020-2029 C

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