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Title: The use and abuse of Non-GAAP financial measures: An exploratory study of Indian companies
Authors: Narayanaswamy, R 
Keywords: Non-GAAP earnings;Reporting consistency;Earnings comparability
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Indian Institute of Management Bangalore
Series/Report no.: IIMB Working Paper-617
Abstract: Indian companies use non-GAAP financial measures in addition to GAAP measures. Unlike GAAP measures, non-GAAP measures are not defined well. This creates conditions for managers to use these measures opportunistically to distort performance reporting and analysis. A relatively weak legal system and the absence of shareholder litigation in India make the abuse of these measures more likely than in developed countries. This study provides preliminary evidence based on annual reports for 187 firm-years for 54 firms about the use of non-GAAP measures in India. The evidence includes archival and anecdotal data. The evidence indicates that managers often use such measures opportunistically when faced with decline in sales or profit growth.
Appears in Collections:2021

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